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What's Manual Testing and why do it!

By Jesine Joy | Jan 6, 2020

In fourth industrial revolution, the world of Technology is totally run by machines and their behavior is managed with the aid of software powering them. Any software project has three important aspects that are value, time and excellence.

The prime objective of application development is to get excellent output at the same time decreasing the cost and the time required for finishing it and Software testing can accomplish this objective. Software testing is the stage of a development life cycle that pursuits to evaluate the capacity of the program or a device by identifying its complicated and precarious regions and then deciding if it isn’t always meeting the center objective of development. Before software really goes to public, the programmers spend hours figuring out each little software bug, they test for any errors and problems within the design and the capability of the software. Until then the product may not be handed in for industrial use in the marketplace.

Software testing is a huge area and can be principally divided into two major regions i.e.

  • Manual – Testing is performed manually at the hand of a human without any help from tools or scripts.
  • Automated – Testing is performed aided by tools, scripts, and software program.

What is manual testing?

Testing out an application manually at the hand of a human i.e. a tester performing test to ensures that an application is working perfectly by succeeding in conditions written which means a person definitely goes on a device to evaluate various components like layout, functionality, and overall performance by means of clicking through different factors of the application is known as Manual testing.

This is actually useful when automation testing isn’t achievable. Let’s say in case you need to test a mobile application on unproductive circumstance we use manual testing. Like a mobile application operating when the Smartphone is within the user’s pocket and there are many unintentional tabs so what is going to happen when such eventualities arise. Testers simulate these situations in order to check whether or not this may result in crashing of the application.

Advantage of Manual Testing:

Manual testing has a variety of advantages; Testers could test the application under identical situations while the application will go live. Any bugs or mistakes which occur while it’s live may be tracked without problems using manual testing. This is known as live testing.

Secondly, in–case of manual testing, less programming proficiency is needed, essentially while testing an application manually the principle target is on realization of the requirements, detailing and implementing the test–cases as you operate them in live. Here the specialization in programming is usually much less as automated tests are actually quite robotic.

They did not act as a real world end–user but manual testing helps us facing any troubles related to appearance and experience of the application. And it also allows us to discover the usability troubles inside the application any bugs and defects that can pop–up as quickly as user handles given software positive way more likely to wedging with the assist of manual testing. It requires low investments and doesn’t require pricey tools or major–league skills to perform. Preliminary investment for manual testing is very low and is price–effective in brief term scenarios.

Finally in manual testing we will be able to expeditiously test and look at the final results. It’s far well qualified in case of making quite a few unplanned adjustments to the programs or as an when desires to be examined immediately after implementing the adjustments.

What‘s Manual Testing and why do it!

When to choose!

The scenarios where manual testing is used:

  • Exploratory testing is executed by domain professionals. This type of testing calls for tester’s expertise, wisdom, analytical competencies, logical abilities creativity, and instinct. It’s characterized by means by–poll return documentation or short–time execution. Essentially we use human abilities to accomplish the testing procedure inside the scenario. Manual testing comes to rescue while operating with poll return documentation and if there is a scarcity of time. This technique intrinsically does exploratory testing which requires nominal planning and maximal test completion, that’s achievable assuming that we adopt manual testing.

  • Usability testing helps to discover the user–friendliness of the software as the name implies. As this is the area wherein we need to measure how user–friendly, competent and convenient the software program or the product to the users. Essentially human perception is the most vital element so a manual approach is most desirable.

  • Ad–hoc testing no longer complies with any fixed technique or approach that’s why we can call it a casual type of testing. For ad–hoc testing, testers randomly check the software without following any documentation or test design techniques. So recognizing the information and perception of tester is a very critical factor. Because of this, manual testing is a better choice.

Apart from humans when we pick manual and automation testing. When the program is in preliminary development phase while testing user interface particularly in regards to the visual aspect at the same time as there is a short–period project specifically and the writing scripts might be time–intense and such cases instead of going automation we use manual testing.

How to perform manual testing? Is there any procedure to carry out manual testing?

  1. Understanding the requirements:

    To prosperously and effectively plan a manual test, first, we essentially need to recognize the necessities from that we can figure out what to test and what can be labeled as a defect or bug. As the most important aim right here is to make sure your software doesn’t include any bugs.

  2. Writing test cases:

    Once we recognize the requirements we can start writing test cases. These will maneuver and navigate us inside the series of the test and take a look at and check functions and various scenarios written with software applications. Writing precise and exceptional test cases is critical in making sure that the test goes placidly and ensure it stays true to the requirements.

  3. Conducting the test:

    Once test instances are written and test environment is well adapted then we can go ahead and start checking for threat and mark them as passed, failed or skipped. It’s vital to keep tabs what went wrong while performing manual testing.

  4. Log Good bug Reports:

    Addition to substantial testing as a tester will be accountable for logging chronicling bugs as well. As they stumble upon a bug, need to cite information for development team about the defect. Writing accurate bug report will assist us, will preserve time and answering those questions about the bugs later. Mostly we’ve got a report for referring. A correct and exceptional bug report has a sturdy title, steps for how to conquer bug, expected and actual results and any relevant attachment will assist the development team to apprehend the issue of bug–like screenshots, recording or export documents.

  5. Report the results:

    Lastly we wish to generate detailed test reports after executing the test is good to know the consequences of the test at could be very high level. Like what number of tests have been run? How many tests have been failed? How many had been skipped.

Conclusion:

We need to locate the best approach in any given testing situation to obtain excessive high–quality output inside our finances and timeline. When we say testing in general it involves either manual or automation testing. As discussed manual testing is both an asset and has drawbacks also.

NetiApps is a global Web & Mobile application development company which believes in customer–first development strategy. Looking for a place to start? Contact us today or write to us at info@netiapps.com

Reference Links:

Manual Testing Vs Automation Testing in Software Testing
What is Manual Testing?
What Is The Difference Between Automated And Manual Testing? Uses And Application
A quick guide to Manual Testing Vs Automated Testing
Is automation testing really helpful? Can you give some examples?
Manual Testing vs Automation Testing: Which one should you use and when?
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Jesine Joy

Software Tester
Jesine works as a software tester at NetiApps. The years of experience testing for bugs across technologies like Drupal, Wordpress, React, Laravel, Magento to name a few, inspires her to build listicle blogs on why each of these technologies may be the right fit for you. Jesine has a Post Graduation in computer applications and is an avid reader - technology.